Photographers' Studios



Ross Verlag printed and distributed some of the most beautiful movie star photographs around the world.   On some of these cards, especially of the German stars, the photographers' studio ("Atelier" in German) or a particular photographer ("Aufnahme"), or both, were given a credit.   I really don't know how those studios worked, but there were probably multiple photographers at each studio.   Many of the photographers apprenticed at one studio and went on to create their own.   So it is possible, for instance, that a Binder studio credit may not have actually been photographed by Alex Binder.   There were credits sometimes given to both a studio and an individual photographer.

For the most part, the photographs of actors from the American movie studios did not have individual photography credits (with some exceptions).   The usual credit given was just to the movie studio, such as MGM or Fox.   Someone with more experience may be able to tell if a particular portrait was by a Hurrell or Bull or some of the other famous Hollywood photographers.



I went through my cards and made a list of all the photography studios and individual photographers that were credited.   Since I do not have all the cards, the list is probably not complete.   I checked only the regular Ross series cards.   I did not include the Film Sterne cards, or any of the other series, such as Das Program von Heute.   Although some biographical information is available online for certain photography studios, most of them are unknown.   It is possible some of the names may be from foreign film studios or production companies, rather than photography studios.   However, most are definitely studio photographers.   Special thanks to Klaas Dierks for some of the biographical information on Berlin and other photographers.

John Toohey has created a terrific website with much more information on the photographers and studios found on the Ross cards, including scans of some cards.   It can be found HERE.   Thanks for sharing the research, John!







AMERICAN GLAMOUR PHOTOGRAPHERS


Rare American photographer credit on card:
  Michael Gallo, New-York
Photo: Clarence Sinclair Bull


Witzel Hollywood credit in photo
M.I. Boris N.Y. credit in photo


Hal Phyfe credit in photo
Melbourne Spurr Hollywood credit in photo


Autrey signature in photo
Freulich signature credit in photo





Most of the American Studio photographers did not receive a credit on the cards, however, some of them are recognizable became of their signatures in the photos, especially Autrey for Fox, and Freulich for Universal.

(Max Munn) Autrey   (Worked for Fox)
M.I. Boris, NY   (Real name:   Boris Majdrakoff)
(Roman) Freulich (Worked for Universal)
Elmer Fryer, Hollywood
Michael Gallo, New York
C. Heighton Monroe L.A.
(Walter F.) Seely, LA
Melbourne Spurr Hollywood
Henry Waxman
Witzel La (Albert)
Hal Phyfe







GERMAN GLAMOUR PHOTOGRAPHERS


Studio photography credit for the German photographers was much more common.   Although these were mainly for German and other European stars, credits did show up on some American stars photos by European photographers (probably when the actors were visiting Germany).

Anyone who has collected the Ross Verlag postcards, will find one particular studio photographer's signature showing up with greater frequency than anyone else's.   That, of course, is "Binder," which was the studio of Alex Binder.   Alexander Binder was born in 1888 in Alexandria and died February 25, 1929 in Berlin.   He first opened a photo studio in Berlin in 1913.   From the late 20's through the 30's it was the largest photo studio in Europe.   His 1929 death date is interesting, since the studio retained his name until 1937, as is apparent with it's appearance to this date on Ross cards.

Other German studio names that turned up with great frequency were "Becker & Maas," "Ernst Schneinder," "Karl Schenker," "Ernst Sandau," and many more.

The following is a list of the Berlin studio photographers, and then other German city studios.

(Martin) Badekow   (1896-1983)   For a list of Ross cards with Martin Badekow photos click HERE (Thanks to Jana Kofahl for this list.)

Bafag
Balázs
Rolf von Barm
Ellen Baum-Salm
Becker and Maass
Bender and Jacobi
von Bergen
Berhardt
E. Bieber (also Hamburg studio)
Alex Binder
Tita Binz
Böhm-Willott
Brahm
M.v. Bucovich
Suse Byk
Elli Cahn
Hans Casparius
Rosemarie Clausen
W.v. (Wanda) Debschitz-Kunowski (Born 1870 Died 1935   Pre 1924, studio was in Munich and Hannover, and then from 1924-35 on in Berlin)
Alice Domker
Draber
Rudolph Dührkoop
Anny Eberth
Theodor Fanta
C. Fernstädt
Walter Firner
René Fosshag
Frank
Fulda
H. Gärtner
Gerstenberg
Greinert-Serda
Artur Grimm
Freiherr V. Gudenberg
(Karl Ludwig) Haenchen
Harlip (produced their own line of postcards, which are hard to find)
Hartung
Henkel-Szymanski
Jacobi
Walther Jaeger
H. Jeidels
Kiesel
L. Klaude
König-Rohde
Krabbe
Kreutzberger
Walter Lichtenstein
R. Lippmann
Emanuel Loewenthal
Mahrenholz
Elli Marcus
Marion
Curt Meyer
Paul Moser
Gertrud Munckel
Natge
Oerter
Nicola Perscheid
Rembrandt
(Frieda) Riess (1890-1955(?))
P. Rischke
Rischke and Marby
Robertson
Werner Samson
Ernst Sandau
Ernst Schneider
Karl Schenker
Schloss
Schmiegelski

Alex Schmoll
H. Schmoll (Helga Schmoll -- wife of J.A. Schmoll)
Schrecker
Hanni Schwarz
Gerti Simon
Stone (Either Cami or Sasha Stone, husband and wife who were both photographers)
Liselotte Strelow (later had studios in other German cities)
Otto Kurt Vogelsang
Wa-Kie
Franz Weihmayr
Dr. Weller
Ruth Wilhelmi
(Lazlo) Willinger
Willott
Foto Wog
Yva (Real name was Elsa Ernestine Neuländer-Simon.   She died in a concentration camp)
Zander and Labisch
Arthur Ziehm

Bern

R. Liniger and Co.

Dresden

Käte Basarke

Frankfurt (Probably Oder)

R. Grunemann

Hamburg

Haas

Nuremberg

Harren

Wiesbaden

Kurzrock

Munich

Lutteroth
H. Plappert
Anton Sahm
E. Wasow
Baumann

Westerland

J. Sonderegger

Potsdam

Wilhelm. Niederastroth
v. Harbou (Horst von Harbou, brother of writer Thea von Harbou. Horst was the still photographer for UFA Studios and took the photos for Lang films like Metropolis and Die Nibelungen, as well as many other films. Probably located at Potsdam. Thanks to Rachel Tanner for this information.)

Liedtke (This was a credit for a Harry Liedtke photo. I do not know if it signified a production company, or if a member of his family (or himself) took the photo)




Alex Binder photo
Binder signature in photo



Binder photo of Douglas Fairbanks


Photo credited to
M.v. Bucovich at K. Schenker studio
Becker & Maass credit in photo


Ernst Schneider studio
Liedtke photo credit





Suse Byk postcard of Wilhelm Dieterle


This is the original photograph of the above postcard.
Note the Suse Byk signature in the photo and the credit on the reverse.
Photos courtesy of the collection of Klaas Dierks










OTHER EUROPEAN GLAMOUR PHOTOGRAPHERS


Other European countries had some studio photographer credits.   Austria was the most common, with Manassé being the most prolific studio.

Vienna, Austria

Adéle
Arenberg
D'Ora (Dora Kallmus, who was an Austrian who had a Paris studio) Arthur Benda
Fayer
Trude Geiringer (Gertrude Neumann) and Dora Horovitz
Glogau
Kosel
Rob. Loederer
Manassé (Olga Spolarics and Adorjan Wlássics)
Ring

Paris France

Abbe (James Abbe was an American portrait photographer, but I do not know if they are the same)
Arnal
G.L. Manuel Fréres
Lorelle
Piaz (Teddy)

Prague, Czech Republic

Balzar
Richard Frolik
Schlosser and Wenisch   (Otto Schlosser, a Jewish photographer, who lost his studio to the Nazi's aryanization program.   Thanks to Petr Schlosser for the information.)
Ströminger

Amsterdam, Netherlands

Godfried de Groot

Nordwyk, Netherlands (?)

Gemizc

London England

E.O. Hoppé (Emil Otto)

St. Moritz, Switzerland

Loritz

Budapest Hugary

Vaida M. Pál

Zagreb, Croatia

G.J. Reputin

Warsaw Poland

Van-Dyck

Rome, Italy

Ciolfi
Civirani
(Thanks for Ivo Blom for this information)

Bologna, Italy

La Serenissima

Torino, Italy

S.A. Bertazzini
(Thanks to John Boer for the information on their location)

Danzig, Poland

Seller





Manassé, Vienna studio


Balzar, Prague studio
Camera Portrait by E.O. Hoppé, a London photographer








UKNOWN STUDIOS


These are studios and photographers that did not name a location, and research turned up no information.   The majority were undoubtedly German.

Aniel
Bergheimer
Besser
Oscar Brockshus
Ewald
Inkey Felvétele
Georgi
Suzanne Gerd
Hameister
Hämmerer
Hänse-Hermann
A. Holländer
Jensen
Lindner
K. H. Loepert
Lüdtke
Karl Luther
J. Niczky
Parikus-Reval
Reisner
Schünemann
O. Stein
Vaselli
Konrad Weidenbaum
Weisse
Wesel
Carl Wolf







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